Advisors: Julia Czerniak, Kristina Borrman, Ted Brown, Emily Pellicano

Interests: Synthetic Landscapes, Forest Matters,Architecture as Apparatus: cohabitation of species, Other Populations

We have traditionally located nature in untouched wilderness, agricultural development, or the gardens and parks built in cities. The landscape historian John Dixon Hunt identified these places as “the three natures” in his writings about the historical development of nature in our cultural imagination. In the 21st century the forces of climate change, species invasion, and extinction have affected the three natures in disproportionate ways, demonstrating the importance of rethinking the three natures paradigm. How might a Fourth Nature challenge traditional ways of imagining architecture?

We call upon students to consider the Fourth Nature as a provocative source and catalyst for thinking the contemporary city, urban buildings, and designed landscapes. Our work together will be a field of experimentation. Join us to research and advance how the Fourth Nature—as demonstrated in multi-species architectures, landscape urbanism, and AI technologies—enable us to imagine new ways of seeing, valuing, acting, and designing within our challenged anthropocentric environment.